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Egocentric Spatial Memory Network
Nov 03, 2017 (modified: Nov 03, 2017)ICLR 2018 Conference Blind Submissionreaders: everyoneShow Bibtex
Abstract:Inspired by neurophysiological discoveries of navigation cells in the mammalian
brain, we introduce the first deep neural network architecture for modeling Egocentric
Spatial Memory (ESM). It learns to estimate the pose of the agent and
progressively construct top-down 2D global maps from egocentric views in a spatially
extended environment. During the exploration, our proposed ESM network
model updates belief of the global map based on local observations using a recurrent
neural network. It also augments the local mapping with a novel external
memory to encode and store latent representations of the visited places based on
their corresponding locations in the egocentric coordinate. This enables the agents
to perform loop closure and mapping correction. This work contributes in the
following aspects: first, our proposed ESM network provides an accurate mapping
ability which is vitally important for embodied agents to navigate to goal locations.
In the experiments, we demonstrate the functionalities of the ESM network in
random walks in complicated 3D mazes by comparing with several competitive
baselines and state-of-the-art Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM)
algorithms. Secondly, we faithfully hypothesize the functionality and the working
mechanism of navigation cells in the brain. Comprehensive analysis of our model
suggests the essential role of individual modules in our proposed architecture and
demonstrates efficiency of communications among these modules. We hope this
work would advance research in the collaboration and communications over both
fields of computer science and computational neuroscience.
TL;DR:first deep neural network for modeling Egocentric Spatial Memory inspired by neurophysiological discoveries of navigation cells in mammalian brain
Keywords:spatial memory, egocentric vision, deep neural network, navigation
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