Hate Speech and Counter Speech Detection: Conversational Context Does MatterDownload PDF


08 Mar 2022 (modified: 05 May 2023)NAACL 2022 Conference Blind SubmissionReaders: Everyone
Paper Link: https://openreview.net/forum?id=YKK4Er13bHq
Paper Type: Long paper (up to eight pages of content + unlimited references and appendices)
Abstract: Hate speech is plaguing the cyberspace along with user-generated content. Adding counter speech has become an effective way to combat hate speech online. Existing datasets and models target either (a) hate speech or (b) hate and counter speech but disregard the context. This paper investigates the role of context in the annotation and detection of online hate and counter speech, where context is defined as the preceding comment in a conversation thread. We created a context-aware dataset for a 3-way classification task on Reddit comments: hate speech, counter speech, or neutral. Our analyses indicate that context is critical to identify hate and counter speech: human judgments change for most comments depending on whether we show annotators the context. A linguistic analysis draws insights into the language people use to express hate and counter speech. Experimental results show that neural networks obtain significantly better results if context is taken into account. We also present qualitative error analyses shedding light into (a) when and why context is beneficial and (b) the remaining errors made by our best model when context is taken into account.
Dataset: zip
Presentation Mode: This paper will be presented in person in Seattle
Copyright Consent Signature (type Name Or NA If Not Transferrable): Xinchen Yu
Copyright Consent Name And Address: University of North Texas, 1155 Union Cir, Denton, TX 76203
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