TraCo: Learning Virtual Traffic Coordinator for Cooperation with Multi-Agent Reinforcement LearningDownload PDF

Published: 30 Aug 2023, Last Modified: 08 Oct 2023CoRL 2023 PosterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: autonomous driving, multi-agent reinforcement learning, counterfactual reasoning
TL;DR: This is an article that is applied in the field of autonomous driving and requires the agent to complete the corresponding contribution from the perspective of the team.
Abstract: Multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL) has emerged as a popular technique in diverse domains due to its ability to automate system controller design and facilitate continuous intelligence learning. For instance, traffic flow is often trained with MARL to enable intelligent simulations for autonomous driving. However, The existing MARL algorithm only characterizes the relative degree of each agent's contribution to the team, and cannot express the contribution that the team needs from the agent. Especially in the field of autonomous driving, the team changes over time, and the agent needs to act directly according to the needs of the team. To address these limitations, we propose an innovative method inspired by realistic traffic coordinators called the Traffic Coordinator Network (TraCo). Our approach leverages a combination of cross-attention and counterfactual advantage function, allowing us to extract distinctive characteristics of domain agents and accurately quantify the contribution that a team needs from an agent. Through experiments conducted on four traffic tasks, we demonstrate that our method outperforms existing approaches, yielding superior performance. Furthermore, our approach enables the emergence of rich and diverse social behaviors among vehicles within the traffic flow.
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