Improving Differentiable Neural Architecture Search by Encouraging TransferabilityDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 16 Feb 2023ICLR 2023 posterReaders: Everyone
Abstract: Differentiable neural architecture search methods are increasingly popular due to their computational efficiency. However, these methods have unsatisfactory generalizability and stability. Their searched architectures are often degenerate with a dominant number of skip connections and perform unsatisfactorily on test data. Existing methods for solving this problem have a variety of limitations, such as cannot prevent the happening of architecture degeneration, being excessively restrictive in setting the number of skip connections, etc. To address these limitations, we propose a new approach for improving the generalizability and stability of differentiable NAS, by developing a transferability-encouraging tri-level optimization framework which improves the architecture of a main model by encouraging good transferability to an auxiliary model. Our framework involves three stages performed end-to-end: 1) train network weights of a main model; 2) transfer knowledge from the main model to an auxiliary model; 3) optimize the architecture of the main model by maximizing its transferability to the auxiliary model. We propose a new knowledge transfer approach based on matching quadruple relative similarities. Experiments on several datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our method.
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