Neural Potts ModelDownload PDF

28 Sept 2020 (modified: 05 May 2023)ICLR 2021 Conference Blind SubmissionReaders: Everyone
Keywords: proteins, potts model, unsupervised learning, amortized optimization, structure prediction
Abstract: We propose the Neural Potts Model objective as an amortized optimization problem. The objective enables training a single model with shared parameters to explicitly model energy landscapes across multiple protein families. Given a protein sequence as input, the model is trained to predict a pairwise coupling matrix for a Potts model energy function describing the local evolutionary landscape of the sequence. Couplings can be predicted for novel sequences. A controlled ablation experiment assessing unsupervised contact prediction on sets of related protein families finds a gain from amortization for low-depth multiple sequence alignments; the result is then confirmed on a database with broad coverage of protein sequences.
One-sentence Summary: We propose the Neural Potts Model objective, which enables a single feedforward model to learn the Potts Model energy landscape across many protein families.
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