Red-GAN: Attacking class imbalance via conditioned generation. Yet another medical imaging perspectiveDownload PDF

Published: 18 Apr 2020, Last Modified: 21 Jul 2024MIDL 2020Readers: Everyone
Keywords: GAN, class imbalance, data augmentation, segmentation
Abstract: Exploiting learning algorithms under scarce data regimes is a limitation and a reality of the medical imaging field. In an attempt to mitigate the problem, we propose a data augmentation protocol based on generative adversarial networks. The networks are conditioned at a pixel-level (segmentation mask) and at a global-level information (acquisition environment or lesion type). Such conditioning provides immediate access to the image-label pairs while controlling class specific appearance of the synthesized images. To stimulate synthesis of the features relevant for the segmentation task, an additional passive player in a form of segmentor is introduced into the adversarial game. We validate the approach on two medical datasets: BraTS, ISIC. By controlling the class distribution through injection of synthetic images into the training set we achieve control over the accuracy levels of the datasets' classes.
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