Temporal Conditioning Spiking Latent Variable Models of the Neural Response to Natural Visual Scenes

Published: 21 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 20 Dec 2023NeurIPS 2023 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: neuroscience, neural coding, sensory neuroscience, visual coding, SNN, spiking neural networks, generative model, latent variable model, cognitive computational neuroscience, computational neuroscience
Abstract: Developing computational models of neural response is crucial for understanding sensory processing and neural computations. Current state-of-the-art neural network methods use temporal filters to handle temporal dependencies, resulting in an **unrealistic and inflexible processing paradigm**. Meanwhile, these methods target **trial-averaged firing rates** and fail to capture important features in spike trains. This work presents the temporal conditioning spiking latent variable models (***TeCoS-LVM***) to simulate the neural response to natural visual stimuli. We use spiking neurons to produce spike outputs that directly match the recorded trains. This approach helps to avoid losing information embedded in the original spike trains. We exclude the temporal dimension from the model parameter space and introduce a temporal conditioning operation to allow the model to adaptively explore and exploit temporal dependencies in stimuli sequences in a **natural paradigm**. We show that TeCoS-LVM models can produce more realistic spike activities and accurately fit spike statistics than powerful alternatives. Additionally, learned TeCoS-LVM models can generalize well to longer time scales. Overall, while remaining computationally tractable, our model effectively captures key features of neural coding systems. It thus provides a useful tool for building accurate predictive computational accounts for various sensory perception circuits.
Supplementary Material: pdf
Submission Number: 1536