Cross-Quality Few-Shot Transfer for Alloy Yield Strength Prediction: A New Materials Science Benchmark and A Sparsity-Oriented Optimization Framework

Published: 20 Nov 2023, Last Modified: 05 Dec 2023CPAL 2024 (Proceedings Track) OralEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: AI4Science, sparsity, bi-level optimization
Abstract: Discovering high-entropy alloys (HEAs) with high yield strength (YS) is crucial in materials science. However, the YS can only be accurately measured by expensive and time-consuming experiments, hence cannot be acquired at scale. Learning-based methods could facilitate the discovery, but the lack of a comprehensive dataset on HEA YS has created barriers. We present X-Yield, a materials science benchmark with 240 experimentally measured (high-quality) and over 100,000 simulated (low-quality) HEA YS data. Due to the scarcity of experimental results and the quality gap with simulated data, existing transfer learning methods cannot generalize well on our dataset. We address this cross-quality few-shot transfer problem by leveraging model sparsification "twice" --- as a noise-robust feature regularizer at the pre-training stage, and as a data-efficient regularizer at the transfer stage. While the workflow already performs decently with sparsity patterns tuned independently for either stage, we propose a bi-level optimization framework termed Bi-RPT, that jointly learns optimal masks and allocates sparsity for both stages. The effectiveness of Bi-RPT is validated through experiments on X-Yield, alongside other testbeds. Specifically, we achieve a reduction of 8.9-19.8% in test MSE and a gain of 0.98-1.53% in test accuracy, using only 5-10% of the hard-to-generate real experimental data. The codes are available in
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Submission Number: 20