Robust Graph Structure Learning via Multiple Statistical TestsDownload PDF

Published: 31 Oct 2022, 18:00, Last Modified: 23 Dec 2022, 05:59NeurIPS 2022 AcceptReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Graph Structure Learning, Graph Convolutional Networks (GCNs), Computer Vision
TL;DR: A novel method for learning robust graph structures in computer vision tasks where graph structures are not available.
Abstract: Graph structure learning aims to learn connectivity in a graph from data. It is particularly important for many computer vision related tasks since no explicit graph structure is available for images for most cases. A natural way to construct a graph among images is to treat each image as a node and assign pairwise image similarities as weights to corresponding edges. It is well known that pairwise similarities between images are sensitive to the noise in feature representations, leading to unreliable graph structures. We address this problem from the viewpoint of statistical tests. By viewing the feature vector of each node as an independent sample, the decision of whether creating an edge between two nodes based on their similarity in feature representation can be thought as a ${\it single}$ statistical test. To improve the robustness in the decision of creating an edge, multiple samples are drawn and integrated by ${\it multiple}$ statistical tests to generate a more reliable similarity measure, consequentially more reliable graph structure. The corresponding elegant matrix form named $\mathcal{B}$$\textbf{-Attention}$ is designed for efficiency. The effectiveness of multiple tests for graph structure learning is verified both theoretically and empirically on multiple clustering and ReID benchmark datasets. Source codes are available at https://github.com/Thomas-wyh/B-Attention.
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