Scale-Equivariant UNet for Histopathology Image SegmentationDownload PDF

Published: 16 May 2023, Last Modified: 16 May 2023GeoMedIAReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Scale, Equivariant, Segmentation, CNN
TL;DR: We propose a Scale-Equivariant UNet for histopathology image segmentation.
Abstract: Digital histopathology slides are scanned and viewed under different magnifications and stored as images at different resolutions. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) trained on such images at a given scale fail to generalise to those at different scales. This inability is often addressed by augmenting training data with re-scaled images, allowing a model with sufficient capacity to learn the requisite patterns. Alternatively, designing CNN filters to be scale-equivariant frees up model capacity to learn discriminative features. In this paper, we propose the Scale-Equivariant UNet (SEUNet) for image segmentation by building on scale-space theory. The SEUNet contains groups of filters that are linear combinations of Gaussian basis filters, whose scale parameters are trainable but constrained to span disjoint scales through the layers of the network. Extensive experiments on a nuclei segmentation dataset and a tissue type segmentation dataset demonstrate that our method outperforms other approaches, with much fewer trainable parameters.
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