- Keywords: Reinforcement learning, Off-policy learning, Continuous control, Machine learning
- Abstract: Popular off-policy deep reinforcement learning algorithms compensate for overestimation bias during temporal-difference learning by utilizing pessimistic estimates of the expected target returns. In this work, we propose a novel learnable penalty to enact such pessimism, based on a new way to quantify the critic's epistemic uncertainty. Furthermore, we propose to learn the penalty alongside the critic with dual TD-learning, a strategy to estimate and minimize the bias magnitude in the target returns. Our method enables us to accurately counteract overestimation bias throughout training without incurring the downsides of overly pessimistic targets. Empirically, by integrating our method and other orthogonal improvements with popular off-policy algorithms, we achieve state-of-the-art results in continuous control tasks from both proprioceptive and pixel observations.
- One-sentence Summary: Improving off-policy reinforcement learning by adaptively recovering a penalty to accurately counteract overestimation bias.
- Supplementary Material: zip