Balancing Act: Constraining Disparate Impact in Sparse Models

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 07 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: deep learning, sparsity, disparate impact, constrained optimization, pruning, fairness
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TL;DR: We propose a constrained optimization method that directly reduces the disparate impact of pruning on accuracy across data sub-groups.
Abstract: Model pruning is a popular approach to enable the deployment of large deep learning models on edge devices with restricted computational or storage capacities. Although sparse models achieve performance comparable to that of their dense counterparts at the level of the entire dataset, they exhibit high accuracy drops for some data sub-groups. Existing methods to mitigate this disparate impact induced by pruning (i) rely on surrogate metrics that address the problem indirectly and have limited interpretability; or (ii) scale poorly with the number of protected sub-groups in terms of computational cost. We propose a constrained optimization approach that _directly addresses the disparate impact of pruning_: our formulation bounds the accuracy change between the dense and sparse models, for each sub-group. This choice of constraints provides an interpretable success criterion to determine if a pruned model achieves acceptable disparity levels. Experimental results demonstrate that our technique scales reliably to problems involving large models and hundreds of protected sub-groups.
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Primary Area: general machine learning (i.e., none of the above)
Submission Number: 1562