Concept Gradient: Concept-based Interpretation Without Linear AssumptionDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, 19:21, Last Modified: 02 Mar 2023, 01:10ICLR 2023 posterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Interpretability, Concept-based interpretation, XAI
TL;DR: Extending concept-based gradient interpretation to non-linear concept functions.
Abstract: Concept-based interpretations of black-box models are often more intuitive for humans to understand. The most widely adopted approach for concept-based, gradient interpretation is Concept Activation Vector (CAV). CAV relies on learning a linear relation between some latent representation of a given model and concepts. The premise of meaningful concepts lying in a linear subspace of model layers is usually implicitly assumed but does not hold true in general. In this work we proposed Concept Gradient (CG), which extends concept-based, gradient interpretation methods to non-linear concept functions. We showed that for a general (potentially non-linear) concept, we can mathematically measure how a small change of concept affects the model’s prediction, which is an extension of gradient-based interpretation to the concept space. We demonstrated empirically that CG outperforms CAV in attributing concept importance on real world datasets and performed case study on a medical dataset. The code is available at
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