End-to-end learning of convolutional neural net and dynamic programming for left ventricle segmentationDownload PDF

Published: 18 Apr 2020, Last Modified: 22 Oct 2023MIDL 2020Readers: Everyone
Keywords: Differentiable programming, End-to-end learning, left ventricle segmentation
TL;DR: End-to-end learning of differentiable and non-differentiable modules for left ventricle segmentation.
Abstract: Differentiable programming is able to combine different functions or modules in a data processing pipeline with the goal of applying gradient descent-based end-to-end learning or optimization. A significant impediment to differentiable programming is the non-differentiable nature of some functions. We propose to overcome this difficulty by using neural networks to approximate such modules. An approximating neural network provides synthetic gradients (SG) for backpropagation across a non-differentiable module. Our design is grounded on a well-known theory that gradient of an approximating neural network can approximate a sub-gradient of a weakly differentiable function. We apply SG to combine convolutional neural network (CNN) with dynamic programming (DP) in end-to-end learning for segmenting left ventricle from short axis view of heart MRI. Our experiments show that end-to-end combination of CNN and DP requires fewer labeled images to achieve a significantly better segmentation accuracy than using only CNN.
Track: full conference paper
Paper Type: methodological development
Source Latex: zip
Presentation Upload: zip
Presentation Upload Agreement: I agree that my presentation material (videos and slides) will be made public.
Community Implementations: [![CatalyzeX](/images/catalyzex_icon.svg) 1 code implementation](https://www.catalyzex.com/paper/arxiv:1812.00328/code)
23 Replies

Loading