Keywords: Anomaly detection, One-Class SVM, Auto-encoder, Representation learning, Brain MRI, White Matter Hyperintensities
TL;DR: We propose a new Unsupervised Anomaly Detection method, evaluate it on the WMH challenge database and compare it to the best SOTA methods.
Abstract: Anomaly detection remains a challenging task in neuroimaging when little to no supervision is available and when lesions can be very small or with subtle contrast. Patch-based representation learning has shown powerful representation capacities when applied to industrial or medical imaging and outlier detection methods have been applied successfully to these images. In this work, we propose an unsupervised anomaly detection (UAD) method based on a latent space constructed by a siamese patch-based auto-encoder and perform the outlier detection with a One-Class SVM training paradigm tailored to the lesion detection task in multi-modality neuroimaging. We evaluate performances of this model on a public database, the White Matter Hyperintensities (WMH) challenge and show in par performance with the two best performing state-of-the-art methods reported so far.