Hypervolume Knowledge Gradient: A Lookahead Approach for Multi-Objective Bayesian Optimization with Partial Information
Abstract: Bayesian optimization is a popular method for sample efficient multi-objective optimization. However, existing Bayesian optimization techniques fail to effectively exploit common and often-neglected problem structure such as decoupled evaluations, where objectives can be queried independently from one another and each may consume different resources, or multi-fidelity evaluations, where lower fidelity-proxies of the objectives can be evaluated at lower cost. In this work, we propose a general one-step lookahead acquisition function based on the Knowledge Gradient that addresses the complex question of what to evaluate when and at which design points in a principled Bayesian decision-theoretic fashion. Hence, our approach naturally addresses decoupled, multi-fidelity, and standard multi-objective optimization settings in a unified Bayesian decision making framework. By construction, our method is the one-step Bayes-optimal policy for hypervolume maximization. Empirically, we demonstrate that our method improves sample efficiency in a wide variety of synthetic and real-world problems. Furthermore, we show that our method is general-purpose and yields competitive performance in standard (potentially noisy) multi-objective optimization.
Submission Number: 6067