Decision ConvFormer: Local Filtering in MetaFormer is Sufficient for Decision Making

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 spotlightEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: MetaFormer, Convolution, Reinforcement Learning, Representation Learning
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TL;DR: We propose Decision ConvFormer, a new decision-maker based on MetaFormer with three convolution filters for offline RL, which excels in decision-making by understanding local associations and has an enhanced generalization capability.
Abstract: The recent success of Transformer in natural language processing has sparked its use in various domains. In offline reinforcement learning (RL), Decision Transformer (DT) is emerging as a promising model based on Transformer. However, we discovered that the attention module of DT is not appropriate to capture the inherent local dependence pattern in trajectories of RL modeled as a Markov decision process. To overcome the limitations of DT, we propose a novel action sequence predictor, named Decision ConvFormer (DC), based on the architecture of MetaFormer, which is a general structure to process multiple entities in parallel and understand the interrelationship among the multiple entities. DC employs local convolution filtering as the token mixer and can effectively capture the inherent local associations of the RL dataset. In extensive experiments, DC achieved state-of-the-art performance across various standard RL benchmarks while requiring fewer resources. Furthermore, we show that DC better understands the underlying meaning in data and exhibits enhanced generalization capability.
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Primary Area: reinforcement learning
Submission Number: 7737