A view of mini-batch SGD via generating functions: conditions of convergence, phase transitions, benefit from negative momenta.Download PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, 19:18, Last Modified: 02 Mar 2023, 13:27ICLR 2023 posterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: SGD, linear models, optimization, analytic framework, NTK
TL;DR: We have developed an analytic framework for analysis of mini-batch SGD dynamics via generating functions using a novel Spectrally Expressible approximation.
Abstract: Mini-batch SGD with momentum is a fundamental algorithm for learning large predictive models. In this paper we develop a new analytic framework to analyze noise-averaged properties of mini-batch SGD for linear models at constant learning rates, momenta and sizes of batches. Our key idea is to consider the dynamics of the second moments of model parameters for a special family of "Spectrally Expressible" approximations. This allows to obtain an explicit expression for the generating function of the sequence of loss values. By analyzing this generating function, we find, in particular, that 1) the SGD dynamics exhibits several convergent and divergent regimes depending on the spectral distributions of the problem; 2) the convergent regimes admit explicit stability conditions, and explicit loss asymptotics in the case of power-law spectral distributions; 3) the optimal convergence rate can be achieved at negative momenta. We verify our theoretical predictions by extensive experiments with MNIST and synthetic problems, and find a good quantitative agreement.
Anonymous Url: I certify that there is no URL (e.g., github page) that could be used to find authors’ identity.
No Acknowledgement Section: I certify that there is no acknowledgement section in this submission for double blind review.
Code Of Ethics: I acknowledge that I and all co-authors of this work have read and commit to adhering to the ICLR Code of Ethics
Submission Guidelines: Yes
Please Choose The Closest Area That Your Submission Falls Into: Theory (eg, control theory, learning theory, algorithmic game theory)
9 Replies