Prioritized Soft Q-Decomposition for Lexicographic Reinforcement Learning

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 08 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: Multi-Objective Reinforcement Learning, Lexicographic Task Priorities, Constrained RL, Transfer RL
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TL;DR: We propose a decomposed algorithm to solve lexicographic multi-objective reinforcement learning problems with continuous action spaces that satisfies constraints by construction.
Abstract: Reinforcement learning (RL) for complex tasks remains a challenge, primarily due to the difficulties of engineering scalar reward functions and the inherent inefficiency of training models from scratch. Instead, it would be better to specify complex tasks in terms of elementary subtasks and to reuse subtask solutions whenever possible. In this work, we address continuous space lexicographic multi-objective RL problems, consisting of prioritized subtasks, which are notoriously difficult to solve. We show that these can be scalarized with a subtask transformation and then solved incrementally using value decomposition. Exploiting this insight, we propose prioritized soft Q-decomposition (PSQD), a novel algorithm for learning and adapting subtask solutions under lexicographic priorities in continuous state-action spaces. PSQD offers the ability to reuse previously learned subtask solutions in a zero-shot composition, followed by an adaptation step. Its ability to use retained subtask training data for offline learning eliminates the need for new environment interaction during adaptation. We demonstrate the efficacy of our approach by presenting successful learning, reuse, and adaptation results for both low- and high-dimensional simulated robot control tasks, as well as offline learning results. In contrast to baseline approaches, PSQD does not trade off between conflicting subtasks or priority constraints and satisfies subtask priorities during learning. PSQD provides an intuitive framework for tackling complex RL problems, offering insights into the inner workings of the subtask composition.
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Primary Area: reinforcement learning
Submission Number: 5595