Democratizing Fine-grained Visual Recognition with Large Language Models

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 10 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: Vision-Language Models, Large Language Models, Prompting, Multimodal, Fine-grained Visual Recognition
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TL;DR: We propose Fine-grained Semantic Category Reasoning (FineR) system to address fine-grained visual recognition without needing expert annotations. FineR leverages the world knowledge of large language models to reason fine-grained category names.
Abstract: Identifying subordinate-level categories from images is a longstanding task in computer vision and is referred to as fine-grained visual recognition (FGVR). It has tremendous significance in real-world applications since an average layperson does not excel at differentiating species of birds or mushrooms due to subtle differences among the species. A major bottleneck in developing FGVR systems is caused by the need of high-quality paired expert annotations. To circumvent the need of expert knowledge we propose Fine-grained Semantic Category Reasoning (FineR) that internally leverages the world knowledge of large language models (LLMs) as a proxy in order to reason about fine-grained category names. In detail, to bridge the modality gap between images and LLM, we extract part-level visual attributes from images as text and feed that information to a LLM. Based on the visual attributes and its internal world knowledge the LLM reasons about the subordinate-level category names. Our training-free FineR outperforms several state-of-the-art FGVR and language and vision assistant models and shows promise in working in the wild and in new domains where gathering expert annotation is arduous.
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Primary Area: representation learning for computer vision, audio, language, and other modalities
Submission Number: 2720