Estimating Differential Equations from Temporal Point Processes

Published: 21 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 21 Sept 2023Accepted by TMLREveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Abstract: Ordinary differential equations (ODEs) allow interpretation of phenomena in various scientific fields. They have mostly been applied to numerical data observed at regular intervals, but not to irregularly observed discrete events, also known as point processes. In this study, we introduce an ODE modeling of such events by combining ODEs with log-Gaussian Cox processes (Møller et al., 1998). In the experiments with different types of ODEs regarding infectious disease, predator-prey interaction, and competition among participants, our method outperformed existing baseline methods assuming regularly observed continuous data with respect to the accuracy of recovering the latent parameters of ODEs. Through both synthetic and actual examples, we also showed the ability of our method to extrapolate, model latent events that cannot be observed, and offer interpretability of phenomena from the viewpoint of the estimated parameters of ODE.
Submission Length: Long submission (more than 12 pages of main content)
Changes Since Last Submission: Camera ready version. Changes include: - Added a comment to explain that GPGM (T=20) can be viewed as an alternative baseline for comparison to the original FGPGM in 5.2.2. - Removed red annotations for reviews. - Added authors and other information.
Supplementary Material: zip
Assigned Action Editor: ~Yingzhen_Li1
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Submission Number: 1356