- Keywords: Reinforcement learning, Hamiltonian canonical equation, ODE, World model, Sample efficiency
- Abstract: Model-based reinforcement learning usually suffers from a high sample complexity in training the world model, especially for the environments with complex dynamics. To make the training for general physical environments more efficient, we introduce Hamiltonian canonical ordinary differential equations into the learning process, which inspires a novel model of neural ordinary differential auto-encoder (NODA). NODA can model the physical world by nature and is flexible to impose Hamiltonian mechanics (e.g., the dimension of the physical equations) which can further accelerate training of the environment models. It can consequentially empower an RL agent with the robust extrapolation using a small amount of samples as well as the guarantee on the physical plausibility. Theoretically, we prove that NODA has uniform bounds for multi-step transition errors and value errors under certain conditions. Extensive experiments show that NODA can learn the environment dynamics effectively with a high sample efficiency, making it possible to facilitate reinforcement learning agents at the early stage.
- One-sentence Summary: We introduce Hamiltonian canonical ordinary differential equations into the model-based reinforcement learning to increase the sample efficiency and to guarantee physical plausibility.
- Supplementary Material: zip