Keywords: modality-invariant, multi-modal image registration, mutual information, Parzen window, B-splines, diffeomorphic, deep learning
TL;DR: Diffeomorphic modality-invariant deep learning image registration using a differentiable mutual information and a B-spline free form deformation (FFD) parameterisation of Stationary Velocity Field (SVF)
Abstract: We present a deep learning (DL) registration framework for fast mono-modal and multi-modal image registration using differentiable mutual information and diffeomorphic B-spline free-form deformation (FFD). Deep learning registration has been shown to achieve competitive accuracy and significant speedups from traditional iterative registration methods. In this paper, we propose to use a B-spline FFD parameterisation of Stationary Velocity Field (SVF) to in DL registration in order to achieve smooth diffeomorphic deformation while being computationally-efficient. In contrast to most DL registration methods which use intensity similarity metrics that assume linear intensity relationship, we apply a differentiable variant of a classic similarity metric, mutual information, to achieve robust mono-modal and multi-modal registration. We carefully evaluated our proposed framework on mono- and multi-modal registration using 3D brain MR images and 2D cardiac MR images.
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Paper Type: both
Primary Subject Area: Image Registration
Secondary Subject Area: Image Registration
Source Code Url: https://github.com/qiuhuaqi/midir
Data Set Url: https://camcan-archive.mrc-cbu.cam.ac.uk/dataaccess/, https://www.ukbiobank.ac.uk/
Source Latex: zip