Self-Supervised Motion Magnification by Backpropagating Through Optical Flow

Published: 21 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 20 Nov 2023NeurIPS 2023 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Video Processing, Motion Processing, Motion Magnification, Optical Flow
TL;DR: We magnify motions in videos by differentiating through optical flow, allowing for a self-supervised magification algorithm
Abstract: This paper presents a simple, self-supervised method for magnifying subtle motions in video: given an input video and a magnification factor, we manipulate the video such that its new optical flow is scaled by the desired amount. To train our model, we propose a loss function that estimates the optical flow of the generated video and penalizes how far if deviates from the given magnification factor. Thus, training involves differentiating through a pretrained optical flow network. Since our model is self-supervised, we can further improve its performance through test-time adaptation, by finetuning it on the input video. It can also be easily extended to magnify the motions of only user-selected objects. Our approach avoids the need for synthetic magnification datasets that have been used to train prior learning-based approaches. Instead, it leverages the existing capabilities of off-the-shelf motion estimators. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method through evaluations of both visual quality and quantitative metrics on a range of real-world and synthetic videos, and we show our method works for both supervised and unsupervised optical flow methods.
Submission Number: 9405