Information Bottleneck for Multi-Task LSTMsDownload PDF

Published: 21 Nov 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023InfoCog @ NeurIPS 2022 PosterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Information Theory, Explainable AI, Model Introspection, Natural Language Processing, Recurrent Neural Networks
TL;DR: We extend on Naftali Tishby's Information-Bottleneck introspection framework to apply the method to RNNs, demonstrating how the method provides insights into multi-task LSTMs.
Abstract: Neural networks, which have had a profound effect on how researchers study complex phenomena, do so through a complex, nonlinear mathematical structure which can be difficult to interpret or understand. This is especially true for recurrent models, as their dynamic structure can be difficult to measure and analyze. However, interpretability is a key factor in understanding certain problems such as text and language analysis. In this paper, we present a novel introspection method for LSTMs trained to solve complex language problems, such as sentiment analysis. Inspired by Information Bottleneck theory, our method uses a state-of-the-art information theoretic framework to visualize shared information around labels, features, and between layers. We apply our approach on simulated data, and real sentiment analysis datasets, providing novel, information-theoretic insights into internal model dynamics.
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