Asymptotically Free Sketched Ridge Ensembles: Risks, Cross-Validation, and Tuning

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 19 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 spotlightEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: asymptotic freeness, sketching, ensembles, ridge regression, generalized cross-validation, tuning
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TL;DR: We show consistency of generalized cross-validation for tuning asymptotically free sketched ridge ensembles under mild data assumptions.
Abstract: We employ random matrix theory to establish consistency of generalized cross validation (GCV) for estimating prediction risks of sketched ridge regression ensembles, enabling efficient and consistent tuning of regularization and sketching parameters. Our results hold for a broad class of asymptotically free sketches under very mild data assumptions. For squared prediction risk, we provide a decomposition into an unsketched equivalent implicit ridge bias and a sketching-based variance, and prove that the risk can be globally optimized by only tuning sketch size in infinite ensembles. For general subquadratic prediction risk functionals, we extend GCV to construct consistent risk estimators, and thereby obtain distributional convergence of the GCV-corrected predictions in Wasserstein-2 metric. This in particular allows construction of prediction intervals with asymptotically correct coverage conditional on the training data. We also propose an "ensemble trick" whereby the risk for unsketched ridge regression can be efficiently estimated via GCV using small sketched ridge ensembles. We empirically validate our theoretical results using both synthetic and real large-scale datasets with practical sketches including CountSketch and subsampled randomized discrete cosine transforms.
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Primary Area: learning theory
Submission Number: 7125