HARD: Hyperplane ARrangement Descent

Published: 20 Nov 2023, Last Modified: 06 Dec 2023CPAL 2024 (Proceedings Track) OralEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: hyperplane clustering, subspace clustering, generalized principal component analysis
Abstract: The problem of clustering points on a union of subspaces finds numerous applications in machine learning and computer vision, and it has been extensively studied in the past two decades. When the subspaces are low-dimensional, the problem can be formulated as a convex sparse optimization problem, for which numerous accurate, efficient and robust methods exist. When the subspaces are of high relative dimension (e.g., hyperplanes), the problem is intrinsically non-convex, and existing methods either lack theory, are computationally costly, lack robustness to outliers, or learn hyperplanes one at a time. In this paper, we propose Hyperplane ARangentment Descent (HARD), a method that robustly learns all the hyperplanes simultaneously by solving a novel non-convex non-smooth $\ell_1$ minimization problem. We provide geometric conditions under which the ground-truth hyperplane arrangement is a coordinate-wise minimizer of our objective. Furthermore, we devise efficient algorithms, and give conditions under which they converge to coordinate-wise minimizes. We provide empirical evidence that HARD surpasses state-of-the-art methods and further show an interesting experiment in clustering deep features on CIFAR-10.
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Submission Number: 39