Individual Privacy Accounting for Differentially Private Stochastic Gradient Descent

Published: 05 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 05 Sept 2023Accepted by TMLREveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Abstract: Differentially private stochastic gradient descent (DP-SGD) is the workhorse algorithm for recent advances in private deep learning. It provides a single privacy guarantee to all datapoints in the dataset. We propose \emph{output-specific} $(\varepsilon,\delta)$-DP to characterize privacy guarantees for individual examples when releasing models trained by DP-SGD. We also design an efficient algorithm to investigate individual privacy across a number of datasets. We find that most examples enjoy stronger privacy guarantees than the worst-case bound. We further discover that the training loss and the privacy parameter of an example are well-correlated. This implies groups that are underserved in terms of model utility simultaneously experience weaker privacy guarantees. For example, on CIFAR-10, the average $\varepsilon$ of the class with the lowest test accuracy is 44.2\% higher than that of the class with the highest accuracy.
Submission Length: Regular submission (no more than 12 pages of main content)
Supplementary Material: zip
Assigned Action Editor: ~Naman_Agarwal1
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Submission Number: 1085