Improving Variational Autoencoder Estimation from Incomplete Data with Mixture Variational Families

Published: 28 Jun 2024, Last Modified: 28 Jun 2024Accepted by TMLREveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Abstract: We consider the task of estimating variational autoencoders (VAEs) when the training data is incomplete. We show that missing data increases the complexity of the model’s posterior distribution over the latent variables compared to the fully-observed case. The increased complexity may adversely affect the fit of the model due to a mismatch between the variational and model posterior distributions. We introduce two strategies based on (i) finite variational-mixture and (ii) imputation-based variational-mixture distributions to address the increased posterior complexity. Through a comprehensive evaluation of the proposed approaches, we show that variational mixtures are effective at improving the accuracy of VAE estimation from incomplete data.
Submission Length: Regular submission (no more than 12 pages of main content)
Assigned Action Editor: ~Alain_Durmus1
Submission Number: 2282