Towards Cheaper Inference in Deep Networks with Lower Bit-Width Accumulators

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 11 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: Deep Neural Networks, Quantized Neural Networks, Network Quantization, Accumulators, Accelerators, Inference, Computer Vision, Language Models
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TL;DR: We show that model can be fine tuned for inference with 12 bit accumulators, and develop methods for training with even smaller accumulators.
Abstract: The majority of the research on the quantization of Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) is focused on reducing the precision of tensors visible by high-level frameworks (e.g., weights, activations, and gradients). However, current hardware still relies on high-accuracy core operations. Most significant is the operation of accumulating products. This high-precision accumulation operation is gradually becoming the main computational bottleneck. This is because, so far, the usage of low-precision accumulators led to a significant degradation in performance. In this work, we present a simple method to train and fine-tune DNNs, to allow, for the first time, utilization of cheaper, $12$-bits accumulators, with no significant degradation in accuracy. Lastly, we show that as we decrease the accumulation precision further, using fine-grained gradient approximations can improve the DNN accuracy.
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Submission Number: 5150