Multi-task learning to improve performance consistency in mammogram classificationDownload PDF

Published: 09 May 2022, Last Modified: 12 May 2023MIDL 2022 Short PapersReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Breast cancer, classification, multi-task learning, mammography
TL;DR: Multi-task learning including classification, reconstruction, segmentation, and regression objectives, allows for more consistent performances
Abstract: Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer amongst women. Its regular screening, often based on mammograms, significantly reduces the mortality. Deep learning has shown good performances in coping with screening-generated imaging data, however there are still open questions related to the imbalance, noisiness, and heterogeneity of the data. We propose to address these challenges with Multi-Task Learning, combining tasks such as classification, regression, segmentation, and reconstruction. Our approach allows to obtain consistent performances of AUC $\approx 0.80$ across different vendors (including those unknown during training) on the primary breast cancer classification task, while fulfilling well secondary tasks including an $F_1$ score of $0.96$ on 4-class vendor classification, and $F_1$ score of 0.64 on 4-class density classification.
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Paper Type: recently published or submitted journal contributions
Primary Subject Area: Application: Radiology
Secondary Subject Area: Learning with Noisy Labels and Limited Data
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