VTaC: A Benchmark Dataset of Ventricular Tachycardia Alarms from ICU Monitors
Keywords: arrhythmia, false alarm, ICU, machine learning, deep learning, contrastive learning, physiological waveforms.
TL;DR: A benchmark database of over 5,000 waveform recordings from ventricular tachycardia alarms in intensive care unit patients.
Abstract: False arrhythmia alarms in intensive care units (ICUs) are a continuing problem despite considerable effort from industrial and academic algorithm developers. Of all life-threatening arrhythmias, ventricular tachycardia (VT) stands out as the most challenging arrhythmia to detect reliably. We introduce a new annotated VT alarm database, VTaC (Ventricular Tachycardia annotated alarms from ICUs) consisting of over 5,000 waveform recordings with VT alarms triggered by bedside monitors in the ICU. Each VT alarm waveform in the dataset has been labeled by at least two independent human expert annotators. The dataset encompasses data collected from ICUs in two major US hospitals and includes data from three leading bedside monitor manufacturers, providing a diverse and representative collection of alarm waveform data. Each waveform recording comprises at least two electrocardiogram (ECG) leads and one or more pulsatile waveforms, such as photoplethysmogram (PPG or PLETH) and arterial blood pressure (ABP) waveforms. We demonstrate the utility of this new benchmark dataset for the task of false arrhythmia alarm reduction, and present performance of multiple machine learning approaches, including conventional supervised machine learning, deep learning, semi-supervised learning, and generative approaches for the task of VT false alarm reduction.
Submission Number: 426