- Keywords: Transformers, Attention, Multihead, expressive power, embedding size
- TL;DR: Fixing the head size of the Transformer models allows one to train them with a smaller embedding size.
- Abstract: Attention based Transformer architecture has enabled significant advances in the field of natural language processing. In addition to new pre-training techniques, recent improvements crucially rely on working with a relatively larger embedding dimension for tokens. This leads to models that are prohibitively large to be employed in the downstream tasks. In this paper we identify one of the important factors contributing to the large embedding size requirement. In particular, our analysis highlights that the scaling between the number of heads and the size of each head in the existing architectures gives rise to this limitation, which we further validate with our experiments. As a solution, we propose a new way to set the projection size in attention heads that allows us to train models with a relatively smaller embedding dimension, without sacrificing the performance.
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