Discriminative Candidate Generation for Medical Concept LinkingDownload PDF

Published: 25 Feb 2019, Last Modified: 05 May 2023AKBC 2019Readers: Everyone
Keywords: concept linking, clinical nlp, information extraction
Abstract: Linking mentions of medical concepts in a clinical note to a concept in an ontology enables a variety of tasks that rely on understanding the content of a medical record, such as identifying patient populations and decision support. Medical concept linking can be formulated as a two-step task; 1) candidate generator, which selects likely candidates from the ontology for the given mention, and 2) a ranker, which orders the candidates based on a set of features to find the best one.In this paper, we propose a candidate generation system based on the DiscK framework [Chen andVan Durme, 2017]. Our system produces a candidate list with both high coverage and a rankingthat is a useful starting point for the second step of the linking process. we integrate our candidate selection process into a current linking system, DNorm [Leaman et al., 2013]. The resulting system achieves similar accuracy paired with with a gain in efficiency due to a large reduction in the number of potential candidates considered.
Archival Status: Archival
Subject Areas: Natural Language Processing, Information Extraction, Applications: Biomedicine
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