Keywords: Bayesian network inference, functional dependencies, causal treewidth
Abstract: Causal treewidth is a recent notion which allows one to speed up Bayesian network inference and to bound its complexity in the presence of functional dependencies (causal mechanisms) whose identities are unknown. Causal treewidth is no greater than treewidth and can be bounded even when treewidth is unbounded. The utility of causal treewidth has been illustrated recently in the context of causal inference and model-based supervised learning. However, the current definition of causal treewidth is descriptive rather than perspective, therefore limiting its full exploitation in a practical setting. We provide an extensive study of causal treewidth in this paper which moves us closer to realizing the full computational potential of this notion both theoretically and practically.
Supplementary Material: zip