ReWaRD: Retinal Waves for Pre-Training Artificial Neural Networks Mimicking Real Prenatal Development

Published: 02 Nov 2023, Last Modified: 18 Dec 2023UniReps PosterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Retinal Waves, Pre-training, Model Reuse, Biological Model, Learning Dynamics, Image Classification, CNN
TL;DR: We pre-train CNNs on biologically plausible Retinal Wave datasets, analyze the learning dynamics and measure how similar the resulting neural networks are to the human brain.
Abstract: Computational models trained on a large amount of natural images are the state-of-the-art to study human vision -- usually adult vision. Computational models of infant vision and its further development are gaining more and more attention in the community. In this work we aim at the very beginning of our visual experience -- pre- and post-natal retinal waves which suggest to be a pre-training mechanism for the human visual system at a very early stage of development. We see this approach as an instance of biologically plausible data driven inductive bias through pre-training. We built a computational model that mimics this development mechanism by pre-training different artificial convolutional neural networks with simulated retinal wave images. The resulting features of this biologically plausible pre-training closely match the V1 features of the human visual system. We show that the performance gain by pre-training with retinal waves is similar to a state-of-the art pre-training pipeline. Our framework contains the retinal wave generator, as well as a training strategy, which can be a first step in a curriculum learning based training diet for various models of development. We release code, data and trained networks to build the basis for future work on visual development and based on a curriculum learning approach including prenatal development to support studies of innate vs. learned properties of the human visual system. An additional benefit of our pre-trained networks for neuroscience or computer vision applications is the absence of biases inherited from datasets like ImageNet.
Track: Proceedings Track
Submission Number: 56