Keywords: Offline RL, Conservative estimation
Abstract: Offline Reinforcement Learning has attracted much interest in solving the application challenge for traditional reinforcement learning. Offline reinforcement learning uses previously-collected datasets to train agents without any interaction. For addressing the overestimation of OOD (out-of-distribution) actions, conservative estimates give a low value for all inputs. Previous conservative estimation methods are usually difficult to avoid the impact of OOD actions on Q-value estimates. In addition, these algorithms usually need to lose some computational efficiency to achieve the purpose of conservative estimation. In this paper, we propose a simple conservative estimation method, double conservative estimates (DCE), which use two conservative estimation method to constraint policy. Our algorithm introduces V-function to avoid the error of in-distribution action while implicit achieving conservative estimation. In addition, our algorithm uses a controllable penalty term changing the degree of conservatism in training. We theoretically show how this method influences the estimation of OOD actions and in-distribution actions. Our experiment separately shows that two conservative estimation methods impact the estimation of all state-action. DCE demonstrates the state-of-the-art performance on D4RL.
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