Conformal Prediction via Regression-as-Classification

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 11 Feb 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Primary Area: probabilistic methods (Bayesian methods, variational inference, sampling, UQ, etc.)
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Keywords: Conformal Prediction, Probability Function, Regression, Neural Networks
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TL;DR: We transform regression into classification to make Regression Conformal Prediction more accurate and practical.
Abstract: Conformal prediction (CP) for regression can be challenging, especially when the output distribution is heteroscedastic, multimodal, or skewed. Some of the issues can be addressed by estimating a distribution over the output, but in reality, such approaches can be sensitive to estimation error and yield unstable intervals. Here, we circumvent the challenges by converting regression to a classification problem and then use CP for classification to obtain CP sets for regression. To preserve the ordering of the continuous-output space, we design a new loss function and present necessary modifications to the CP classification techniques. Empirical results on many benchmarks show that this simple approach gives surprisingly good results on many practical problems.
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Submission Number: 1120