Routing Networks: Adaptive Selection of Non-Linear Functions for Multi-Task Learning


Nov 03, 2017 (modified: Nov 03, 2017) ICLR 2018 Conference Blind Submission readers: everyone Show Bibtex
  • Abstract: Multi-task learning (MTL) with neural networks leverages commonalities in tasks to improve performance, but often suffers from task interference which reduces transfer. To address this issue we introduce the routing network paradigm, a novel neural network unit and training algorithm. A routing network is a kind of self-organizing neural network consisting of two components: a router and a set of one or more function blocks. A function block may be any neural network – for example a fully-connected or a convolutional layer. Given an input the router makes a routing decision, choosing a function block to apply and passing the output back to the router recursively, terminating when the router decides to stop or a fixed recursion depth is reached. In this way the routing network dynamically composes different function blocks for each input. We employ a collaborative multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL) approach to jointly train the router and function blocks. We evaluate our model on multi-task settings of the MNIST, mini-ImageNet, and CIFAR-100 datasets. Our experiments demonstrate significant improvement in accuracy with sharper convergence over both single task and joint training baselines for these tasks.
  • TL;DR: routing networks: a new kind of neural network which learns to adaptively route its input for multi-task learning
  • Keywords: multi-task, transfer, routing, marl, multi-agent, reinforcement, self-organizing