How Informative is the Approximation Error from Tensor Decomposition for Neural Network Compression?Download PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 21 Feb 2023ICLR 2023 posterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Tensor Decomposition, Convolutional Neural Networks, Compression
TL;DR: We show empirically an approximation error resulting from compressing a network layer with tensor decomposition is correlated with the classification error, enabling the choice of layer, decomposition and rank to be based on the approximation error.
Abstract: Tensor decompositions have been successfully applied to compress neural networks. The compression algorithms using tensor decompositions commonly minimize the approximation error on the weights. Recent work assumes the approximation error on the weights is a proxy for the performance of the model to compress multiple layers and fine-tune the compressed model. Surprisingly, little research has systematically evaluated which approximation errors can be used to make choices regarding the layer, tensor decomposition method, and level of compression. To close this gap, we perform an experimental study to test if this assumption holds across different layers and types of decompositions, and what the effect of fine-tuning is. We include the approximation error on the features resulting from a compressed layer in our analysis to test if this provides a better proxy, as it explicitly takes the data into account. We find the approximation error on the weights has a positive correlation with the performance error, before as well as after fine-tuning. Basing the approximation error on the features does not improve the correlation significantly. While scaling the approximation error commonly is used to account for the different sizes of layers, the average correlation across layers is smaller than across all choices (i.e. layers, decompositions, and level of compression) before fine-tuning. When calculating the correlation across the different decompositions, the average rank correlation is larger than across all choices. This means multiple decompositions can be considered for compression and the approximation error can be used to choose between them.
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