Keywords: long-tailed learning, partial label learning
TL;DR: We propose a novel method RECORDS for long-tailed partial label learning, which overcomes the drawback of the straightforward combination between long-tailed learning and partial label learning, and significantly improves the performance.
Abstract: Real-world data usually couples the label ambiguity and heavy imbalance, challenging the algorithmic robustness of partial label learning (PLL) and long-tailed learning (LT). The straightforward combination of LT and PLL, i.e., LT-PLL, suffers from a fundamental dilemma: LT methods build upon a given class distribution that is unavailable in PLL, and the performance of PLL is severely influenced in long-tailed context. We show that even with the auxiliary of an oracle class prior, the state-of-the-art methods underperform due to an adverse fact that the constant rebalancing in LT is harsh to the label disambiguation in PLL. To overcome this challenge, we thus propose a dynamic rebalancing method, termed as RECORDS, without assuming any prior knowledge about the class distribution. Based on a parametric decomposition of the biased output, our method constructs a dynamic adjustment that is benign to the label disambiguation process and theoretically converges to the oracle class prior. Extensive experiments on three benchmark datasets demonstrate the significant gain of RECORDS compared with a range of baselines. The code is publicly available.
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