Keywords: Reinforcement Learning, Graph Neural Networks, Combinatorial Optimization, Q-Learning
TL;DR: We are using Graph Neural Networks in the context of RL to solve Combinatorial Optimization problems.
Abstract: Graph-structured data is ubiquitous throughout natural and social sciences, and Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have recently been shown to be effective at solving prediction and inference problems on graph data. In this paper, we propose and demonstrate that GNNs can and should be applied to solve Combinatorial Optimization (CO) problems. Combinatorial Optimization (CO) concerns optimizing a function over a discrete solution space that is often intractably large. To learn to solve CO problems, we phrase specifying a candidate solution as a sequential decision-making problem, where the return is related to how close the candidate solution is to optimality. We use a GNN to learn a policy to iteratively build increasingly promising candidate solutions. We present preliminary evidence that GNNs trained through Q-Learning can solve CO problems with performance approaching state-of-the-art heuristic-based solvers, using only a fraction of the parameters and training time.