Misspecification-robust Sequential Neural Likelihood for Simulation-based Inference

Published: 05 Jun 2024, Last Modified: 05 Jun 2024Accepted by TMLREveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Abstract: Simulation-based inference techniques are indispensable for parameter estimation of mechanistic and simulable models with intractable likelihoods. While traditional statistical approaches like approximate Bayesian computation and Bayesian synthetic likelihood have been studied under well-specified and misspecified settings, they often suffer from inefficiencies due to wasted model simulations. Neural approaches, such as sequential neural likelihood (SNL) avoid this wastage by utilising all model simulations to train a neural surrogate for the likelihood function. However, the performance of SNL under model misspecification is unreliable and can result in overconfident posteriors centred around an inaccurate parameter estimate. In this paper, we propose a novel SNL method, which through the incorporation of additional adjustment parameters, is robust to model misspecification and capable of identifying features of the data that the model is not able to recover. We demonstrate the efficacy of our approach through several illustrative examples, where our method gives more accurate point estimates and uncertainty quantification than SNL.
Submission Length: Long submission (more than 12 pages of main content)
Video: https://youtu.be/79u0rQTwUGY
Code: https://github.com/RyanJafefKelly/rsnl
Supplementary Material: zip
Assigned Action Editor: ~George_Papamakarios1
Submission Number: 2347