- Keywords: Gaussian Processes, Multi-Ouput Regression, Probabilistic Circuits, Sum-Product Networks, Time Series
- Abstract: Inspired by recent advances in the field of expert-based approximations of Gaussian processes (GPs), we present an expert-based approach to large-scale multi-output regression using single-output GP experts. Employing a deeply structured mixture of single-output GPs encoded via a Probabilistic Circuit allows us to accurately capture correlations between multiple output dimensions. By recursively partitioning the covariate space and the output space, posterior inference in our model reduces to inference on single-output GP experts, which only need to be conditioned on a small subset of the observations. We show that inference can be performed exactly and efficiently in our model, that it can capture correlations between output dimensions and, hence, often outperforms approaches that do not incorporate inter-output correlations, as demonstrated on several datasets in terms of the negative log predictive density.