GROOT: Learning to Follow Instructions by Watching Gameplay Videos

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 19 Apr 2024ICLR 2024 spotlightEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: Agent, Goal-conditioned Policy, Imitation Learning, Open World, Minecraft
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Abstract: We study the problem of building a controller that can follow open-ended instructions in open-world environments. We propose to follow reference videos as instructions, which offer expressive goal specifications while eliminating the need for expensive text-gameplay annotations. A new learning framework is derived to allow learning such instruction-following controllers from gameplay videos while producing a video instruction encoder that induces a structured goal space. We implement our agent GROOT in a simple yet effective encoder-decoder architecture based on causal transformers. We evaluate GROOT against open-world counterparts and human players on a proposed Minecraft SkillForge benchmark. The Elo ratings clearly show that GROOT is closing the human-machine gap as well as exhibiting a 70% winning rate over the best generalist agent baseline. Qualitative analysis of the induced goal space further demonstrates some interesting emergent properties, including the goal composition and complex gameplay behavior synthesis.
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Primary Area: reinforcement learning
Submission Number: 335