WikiWhy: Answering and Explaining Cause-and-Effect QuestionsDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 01 Mar 2023ICLR 2023 notable top 5%Readers: Everyone
Keywords: NLP, Question Answering, LLM, Dataset, Explanation
TL;DR: We propose WikiWhy, a dataset containing 9000+ "why" question-answer-rationale triplets to assess Large Language Models' cause-effect reasoning capability.
Abstract: As large language models (LLMs) grow larger and more sophisticated, assessing their "reasoning" capabilities in natural language grows more challenging. Recent question answering (QA) benchmarks that attempt to assess reasoning are often limited by a narrow scope of covered situations and subject matters. We introduce WikiWhy, a QA dataset built around a novel auxiliary task: explaining why an answer is true in natural language. WikiWhy contains over 9,000 "why" question-answer-rationale triples, grounded on Wikipedia facts across a diverse set of topics. Each rationale is a set of supporting statements connecting the question to the answer. WikiWhy serves as a benchmark for the reasoning capabilities of LLMs because it demands rigorous explicit rationales for each answer to demonstrate the acquisition of implicit commonsense knowledge, which is unlikely to be easily memorized. GPT-3 baselines achieve only 38.7% human-evaluated correctness in the end-to-end answer & explain condition, leaving significant room for future improvements.
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