Minimax Optimal Rate for Parameter Estimation in Multivariate Deviated Models

Published: 21 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 02 Nov 2023NeurIPS 2023 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Mixture Model, Minimax Rate, Maximum Likelihood Estimation
Abstract: We study the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) in the multivariate deviated model where the data are generated from the density function $(1-\lambda^{\ast})h_{0}(x)+\lambda^{\ast}f(x|\mu^{\ast}, \Sigma^{\ast})$ in which $h_{0}$ is a known function, $\lambda^{\ast} \in [0,1]$ and $(\mu^{\ast}, \Sigma^{\ast})$ are unknown parameters to estimate. The main challenges in deriving the convergence rate of the MLE mainly come from two issues: (1) The interaction between the function $h_{0}$ and the density function $f$; (2) The deviated proportion $\lambda^{\ast}$ can go to the extreme points of $[0,1]$ as the sample size tends to infinity. To address these challenges, we develop the \emph{distinguishability condition} to capture the linear independent relation between the function $h_{0}$ and the density function $f$. We then provide comprehensive convergence rates of the MLE via the vanishing rate of $\lambda^{\ast}$ to zero as well as the distinguishability of two functions $h_{0}$ and $f$.
Submission Number: 9743