Causal Inference with Conditional Front-Door Adjustment and Identifiable Variational Autoencoder

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 19 Apr 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: Causal Inference, Variational AutoEncoder, Front Door Criterion
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TL;DR: We propose CFDiVAE to learn the representation of the Conditional Front-Door adjustment variable with the identifiable Variational AutoEncoder.
Abstract: An essential and challenging problem in causal inference is causal effect estimation from observational data. The problem becomes more difficult with the presence of unobserved confounding variables. The front-door adjustment is an approach for dealing with unobserved confounding variables. However, the restriction for the standard front-door adjustment is difficult to satisfy in practice. In this paper, we relax some of the restrictions by proposing the concept of conditional front-door (CFD) adjustment and develop the theorem that guarantees the causal effect identifiability of CFD adjustment. By leveraging the ability of deep generative models, we propose CFDiVAE to learn the representation of the CFD adjustment variable directly from data with the identifiable Variational AutoEncoder and formally prove the model identifiability. Extensive experiments on synthetic datasets validate the effectiveness of CFDiVAE and its superiority over existing methods. The experiments also show that the performance of CFDiVAE is less sensitive to the causal strength of unobserved confounding variables. We further apply CFDiVAE to a real-world dataset to demonstrate its potential application.
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Primary Area: causal reasoning
Submission Number: 4638