Optimal Block-wise Asymmetric Graph Construction for Graph-based Semi-supervised Learning

Published: 21 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 19 Jan 2024NeurIPS 2023 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Graph-based Semi-supervised Learning, Affinity Graph Construction
Abstract: Graph-based semi-supervised learning (GSSL) serves as a powerful tool to model the underlying manifold structures of samples in high-dimensional spaces. It involves two phases: constructing an affinity graph from available data and inferring labels for unlabeled nodes on this graph. While numerous algorithms have been developed for label inference, the crucial graph construction phase has received comparatively less attention, despite its significant influence on the subsequent phase. In this paper, we present an optimal asymmetric graph structure for the label inference phase with theoretical motivations. Unlike existing graph construction methods, we differentiate the distinct roles that labeled nodes and unlabeled nodes could play. Accordingly, we design an efficient block-wise graph learning algorithm with a global convergence guarantee. Other benefits induced by our method, such as enhanced robustness to noisy node features, are explored as well. Finally, we perform extensive experiments on synthetic and real-world datasets to demonstrate its superiority to the state-of-the-art graph construction methods in GSSL.
Supplementary Material: pdf
Submission Number: 11874