- Keywords: Breast cancer, HER2 score, intra-variability, inter-variability, expert opinion, biopsy score consensus
- TL;DR: Towards a gold-standard of HER2 breast cancer biopsies
- Abstract: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancer in women around the world. For diagnosis, pathologists evaluate biomarkers such as HER2 protein using immunohistochemistry over tissue extracted by a biopsy. Through microscopic inspection, this assessment estimates the intensity and integrity of the membrane cells' staining and scores the sample as 0, 1+, 2+, or 3+: a subjective decision that depends on the interpretation of the pathologist. This paper presents the preliminary data analysis of the annotations of three pathologists over the same set of samples obtained using 20x magnification and including 1,252 non-overlapping biopsy patches. We evaluate the intra- and inter-expert variability achieving substantial and moderate agreement, respectively, according to Fleiss' Kappa coefficient, as a previous stage towards a generation of a HER2 breast cancer biopsy gold-standard using supervised learning from multiple pathologist annotations.